Conformation & Hip Rateings
V
Is the German word for excellent. The V designation when proceeding a dog's name indicates that it has been
evaluated as excellent in a German style conformation show. In order to earn the V the dog must be entered in the
working classes meaning it must have a Schutzhund title. The V is reserved for dogs with excellent conformation and
movement. It is the highest conformation rating that can be awarded in a local or regional show.

The "V" is also used to refer to very high scores in Schutzhund, but in this case, it is not part of the dog's name. The
maximum points awarded for each of the three phases is 100. If the dog earns 96 or above in any of the three
phases of tracking, obedience or protection, the dog will receive a "V" rating. If the total points earned in all three
phases is 286 or above, the dog will receive an overall "V" rating. The same concept applies to the FH and IPO titles.
SG
When placed before a name it means the dogs show rating is (Sehr Gut) Very Good
When placed anywhere after a name it refers to overall working title scores
G
When placed before a name it means the dogs show rating is (Gut) Good
When placed anywhere after a name it refers to overall working title scores
KKL 1
Recommended for breeding
KKL 2
Suitable for breeding.
OFA
Dog's hips have been x-rayed and certified acceptable here in the USA through the Orthopedic Foundation for
Animals. The rating will be given as Excellent, Good or Fair.
"a"
Dog's hips have been x-rayed and certified acceptable through Germany. The rating will be given as "a"-normal,
"a"-fast normal, or "a"-noch zugelassen or a1, a2, a3. (a6 is a foreign registry)
Penn
Hip
integrity of the canine hip has been evaluated by the University of Pennsylvania.
Schutzhund titles awarded by WDA & other orgs.
BH
(Begleitungshund) Temperament test and obedience examination to qualify for Schutzhund titles
SCH
(Schutzhund) This test combines the disciplines of tracking, obedience, and protection. The suffixes 1, 2, and 3
denote how advanced the training tests were.
IPO
(International Prüfung) comparable to a Schutzhund degree but with International (FCI) rules.
BHP
(Brugshundprov) comparable to a Schutzhund degree (Denmark)
VPG
(Vielseitigkeitsprüfung für Gebrauchshunde) "Versatility Test for Working Dogs" - A recently invented, more PC,
name the Germans came up with for SchH
AD
(Ausdauerpruefung) The dog passed an endurance test that begins with gaiting for approximately 12.5 miles, with
rest stops, and concludes with a simple obedience test. A requirement for the Breed Survey.
HGH
(Herdengebrauchshund) Extensive sheep herding test
PH
(Polizei Hund) Police Dog
FH
(Fährten Hund) Advanced tracking titles. FH1 is a longer, older, more difficult track than is required for SchH3. FH2
is longer, older and harder yet.
WH
(Wachhunde "Watchdog") - Basic obedience and guarding/watchfulness test.
RH
(Rettungshundtauglichkeitsprüfung "Rescue Dog Suitability Test") - Tracking, Obedience and Conditioning
(endurance) test designed to test the basic skillset needed for Search and Rescue work
STP
(Stöberprüfung "Random Search Test") - Random article search test in a prescribed area. Three levels of increasing
difficulty (STP1, STP2, STP3).
TR
(Tracking) - Tracking phase only title, without obedience or protection. TR1 is a SchH1 track, TR2 a SchH2 track,
TR3 a SchH3 track.
OB
(Obedience) - Obedience phase only title, without tracking or protection. OB1 is a SchH1 obedience routine, OB2 is
a SchH2 obedience routine, OB3 is a SchH3 obedience routine.
SCHA
Obedience and Protection tests from the SchH1. No tracking.
WUSV
This means the dog competed in the WUSV World Championship X+# denotes how many times
PSP
This means the dog competed in The German BSP Championships- X+# denotes how many times
LGA
This means the dog competed in a German regional Championship= X+# denotes how many times
Other protection dog sports
WDST
(Working Dog Suitability Test) Obedience/Temperament/Protection
DHT
Defense of Handler/Temperament offered by Iron Dog International.
GDT
Guard Dog Temperament test offered by Iron Dog International.
IDT3
This title means your dog has completed an Iron Dog Triathlon. It is a test of speed, power, drive and overall working
ability.
IDH
(Instinctive Defense Of Handler) BBCR Test showing a natural desire to come to the defense of it's handler . Levels
of 1-3 show the level of training.
FR
French Ring- personal protection sport- suffixes 1, 2, and 3 denote how advanced the training tests were.
OD
(Olympic Dog) competition and a test for all working breeds to compete against one another. It is a test of speed,
power, drive and overall working ability.
CAL
(Certificate of aptitude to work) Temperment and Defense of the handler. The suffixes 1, 2, and 3 denote how
advanced the training tests were.
CCF
(Certificado del Caracter Funcional) ItalianTemperment test and Defense of the handler. The suffixes 1, 2, and 3
denote how advanced the training tests were
Temperment tests
CGC
(Canine Good Citizen) - American Kennel Club basic obedience and temperament test for companion dogs.
CT
GSDCA Temperament Certificate
TT
(Temperament Test) - Temperament test offered by the American Temperament Test Society.
AT
(Aptitude Test )- Temperament test offered by the BBCR
IBDT
(Individual Breed Defining Test) shows the overall temperament, stability and nerve of the dog.
TAN
(Test Attitudine Naturale) Test of Natural Aptitude, Europen Temperament Test
Herding
HIC
(Herding Instinct Certificate) - American Kennel Club basic herding instinct test.
PT
(Pre-Trial Tested) AKC title for a dog that has been certified by two different Judges to have qualified by passing two
licensed or member club Pre-Trial tests.
HIT
(Herding Instinct Tested) - American Herding Breed Association basic herding instinct test.
JHD
(Junior Herding Dog) dog must demonstrate it’s ability to collect and control stock
Obedience & Agility
CD
(Companion Dog) - American Kennel Club obedience title.
CDX
(Companion Dog Excellent) American Kennel Club advanced obedience title
RN
(Rally Novice) - American Kennel Club entry level Rally Obedience title.
OBT
(Obedience Trials) Offerd by the BBCR. suffixes 1, 2, and 3 denote how advanced the training tests were.
NJ
(Novice Jumpers) American Kennel Club entry level agility title.
NA
(Novice Agility) dog must earn 3 qualifying scores in Novice A and/or B Agility class under at least 2 different judges
NAC
(Novice Agility Certificate) NADAC- The North American Dog Agility Council
NAJ
(Novice Agility Jumper) dog must earn 3 qualifying scores in Novice A and/or B Jumpers With Weaves class under at
least 2 different judges.
NF
(Novice FAST) For a title, dog must earn 3 qualifying scores in Novice A and/or B FAST agility class under at least 2
different judges.
NJC
(Novice Jumpers Certificate) By the NADC- The North American Dog Agility Council
OAJ
(Open Agility Jumper) For a title, dog must earn 3 qualifying scores in Open Jumpers With Weaves class under at
least 2 different judges.
OF
(Open FAST) For a title, dog must earn 3 qualifying scores in Open FAST agility class under at least 2 different
judges.
Other Titles
SJ
Dock Diving – Senior Jumpers
NV
Dock Diving- Novice Jumpers
What do all those letters mean?
The jargon connected with German Shepherd Dogs and their work can be bewildering. Here at Von Hartwin
Kennels we love to work in many venues to show off the versatility of the GSD. Listed here you will find the titles that
have been awarded to our dogs, their ancestors or their progency.
Now what do all those letters really mean?

The dog that bears it, a way to honor the dog, an ultimate memorial. It will remain in record and
in memory for as long as anything in this world can remain. Few humans will do as well or
better in that regard.

And though the dog itself doesn't know or care that its achievements have been noted, a title
says many things in the world of humans, where such things count.

A title says your dog was intelligent and adaptable, and good-natured. It says that your dog
loved you enough to do the things that please you, however crazy they may have sometimes
seemed.

And a title says that you loved your dog, that you loved to spend time with it because it was a
good dog, that you believed in it enough to give it yet another chance when it failed, and that,
in the end, your faith was justified.

A title proves that your dog inspired you to that special relationship enjoyed by so few; that in a
world of disposable creatures, this dog with a title was greatly loved, and loved greatly in return.

And when that dear short life is over, the title remains as a memorial of the finest kind, the best
you can give to a deserving friend, volumes of pride in one small set of initials after the name.

A title earned is nothing less than love and respect, given and received, and permanently
recorded.

-Sandra Mowery
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